The coastal of Bali, may be famous with tourist activities such as sunbathing or diving, but the seaweed farmers also have the right for coastal use. Bali is one of the nine provinces that produced seaweed in Indonesia. Seaweed cultivated in the three islands in the southeast of Bali which are Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. All of those located in the District of Nusa Penida, Klungkung.
Villages that become the centre of seaweed production are in Nusa Penida, exactly located in Suana village, Batununggul, Kutampi Kaler, Ped, and Toyapakeh. In Nusa Lembongan Island there are Jungut Stone and Lembongan village. Besides of increasing villagers income, lands and seaweed farmer activities also beautify those islands. Activity of planting seeds, pedal the boats, and the harvest are a special landscape. They often become iconic photo for tourism magazines with a sunset or sunrise background.
Ironically, more farmers were recessive because of the land cultivation and climate alteration. Strong winds and waves have ruined the land of cultivation. Farmers also complained about the waste of tourist accommodation that throwned directly into the sea, because the waste can spoil the quality of seaweed.
There are three things that really need to be done by the government in purpose to support the seaweed farmers in Nusa Penida. First, give some help for post-harvest handling. Second, the government should establish a seaweed processing factory in Nusa Penida. Third, it is necessary that the government’s commitment to farmers in Nusa Penida is not evicted by tourism.
Tourism becomes one of threats for seaweed farmers there and it had happened in Nusa Lembongan. The impact of hotel constructions, villas, and other tourist facilities, many seaweed farmers in Nusa Lembongan have evicted. Tourism still must be developed but with sustainable tourism development which preserve the natural resources that exist around the area.