The potential for the cultivation of fruit in Bali area is competitive commodities such as Bali’s salak (snake fruit) , mangosteens, orange, grapes, durian and mango, the prospects are increasingly bright now. It is not only the local market requesting the fruit from this island, but overseas markets such as China, Europe, the Middle East and some countries in Asia also began importing fresh fruits from the area of Bali.
Basically the farm on the island of Bali is not too wide, but it was supported by the modern technology and use of superior seed varieties. It can be good production and has good quality also. Now, the commodity product of farmers in the Bali has good quality like imported fruit from abroad. Here we inform some superior varieties which being developed Balinese.
The Potential of Bali’s Salak (Snake Fruit)
One type of Bali’s fruit for export is so massive global potential. Bali’s salak advantages which have thick flesh, taste fresh, and seeds are relatively small, because of that the consumer locally, nationally, and even up to international consumers interest to eat it. Salaks in Sibetan have been known since a hundred years ago when they grew naturally in the wild.. In 1980 the farmers of Sibetan collectively cultivate salaks. With a height ranging from 400-600 meters above sea level and the air temperature around 20 ° -30 ° C with a rainfall of 1,567 mm – 20,000 mm per year, this area is very suitable for development a commercial salak plant agribusiness.
81.12% of the Sibetan area was converted into salak plantations that generate sizeable revenue for the surrounding community. In fact, there are about 15 varieties of salak which successfully cultivated in this area, and it becomes a superior product Sibetan village. Besides marketed in the fresh state, processed fruits bali farmers into many variety of derivative products such as dodol salak, salak chips, syrup and sweets which have a relatively high selling in the market.
The Bali’s Mangosteen
Besides salak, the potential commodities export in area of Bali is mangosteen. In the Bali Province, at least 8 districts developed the cultivation of the mangosteen, such as Tabanan (1,214 Ha), Karangasem (462 Ha), Buleleng (459 ha), and Badung (407 Ha). So far the mangosteen has been produced by farmers in the new area of Bali can meet export demand as much as 675 tons (around 6% of total demand). This is certainly indicated to us that the mangosteen export market opportunity to this day is still very open. Countries mangosteen export destination of Bali are also widespread, covering the Middle East, Europe, Asia, China, and Hong Kong.
The Kintamani’s Tangerine
The fruit commodity is not less in demand is Kintamani’s Jeruk Siam (similar like tangerine). Kintamani’s tangerine is one of the superior varieties of agricultural sector in Bangli Regency. The combination of flavors and a very distinctive aroma makes Kintamani’s tangerine favored consumers of various circles. It is not surprising that this kind of tangerine always be excellent in both traditional markets and in supermarkets. Now this is one area that became the center of tangerine cultivation in Bali is Bayunggede Village, Kintamani District. There are at least 478 hectares of land developed for planting approximately 531.100 tangerine trees scattered throughout the village.
The Buleleng Grape Commodity
The potential for the cultivation of grapes in Buleleng was already known since decades ago. Even in District Banjar and Seririt, grape successfully grown in paddy fields. While in Gerokgak, farmers use dry land to cultivate vines. The development of the grape cultivation continues to increase it also makes farmers in the Sawan District and Kubutambahan District interested in pursuing these efforts, so that in 2010 the Sawan District develop 114 vine and Kubutambahan District cultivate 1,600 vines.
The development of the agribusiness industry makes the island as one of the centers of fruits for local and international communities, especially in the horticultural sector. The government can give or create the good technology to develop the agribusiness.