If you are first time visit to the island coincided with the celebration of Galungan and Kuningan, you will find an unusual decor along the way. The decor will look so unique and make you awestruck by the beauty offered. The unique decor Penjor called by the Balinese.  Penjor is derived from the word “Penjor”, which translates as “Pengajum” or “Pengastawa”, which then lost letters nasal “ny”, and finally turned into a noun, the word “Penyor” that over time the pronunciation changed to “Penjor” and to have the intent and meaning of “As A Means To Implement Pengastawa”. Pengastawa can also be interpreted as worship.




Penjor itself is a symbol of the Dragon Basukih, where Basukih means wealth and prosperity. Therefore, the materials for Penjor many derived from agricultural products, such as Plawa (leaves), Palawija (grains such as padai or corn), Pala Bungkah (tubers), and Pala Gantung (coconut, banana, cucumber). Penjor also erected to symbolize the dominance of good (dharma) over evil (adharma) as well as to offer thanks to the gods. In addition, penjor show devotion to Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in his manifestation as Hyang Giri Pati (the God of the mountain). The curved part of the penjor thus symbolizes Mount Agung, the highest mountain in Bali that is considered the home of the gods.


Agung Mountain , The Greatest Mountain in Bali

Materials Required

Penjor religious nature, which has a specific function in religious ceremonies, and must be made complete with accessories, making Penjor for ceremonies require certain conditions, and in accordance with religious literature, that does not impress as decoration. In the ejection Tutur Dewi Tapini has also been mentioned that every element in Penjor symbolizes the sacred symbols, as follows:

  • Bamboo (and cookies) as a vibration strength of BrahmaPalm as a symbol of the god Rudra vibration
  • Yellow and Janur cloth as a symbol of Lord Mahadeva vibration
  • Foliage (PLAWA) as a symbol of the god Sangkara vibration.
  • Nutmeg and nutmeg chunk vibration hanging as a symbol of the god Vishnu.
  • Sugar cane as a symbol of the god Sambu vibration.
  • Rice as a symbol of vibration Dewi Sri
  • White cloth as a symbol of the god Iswara vibration ..
  • Sanggah as a symbol of Lord Shiva vibration.
  • Upakara as a symbol of the god vibration Sada Shiva and Parama Shiva.

Balinese woman create Penjor

I hope this information can add your insight regarding customs and cultural traditions of the local communities Bali.


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