The Meaning Of Canang Sari For Hindu

Canang sari is one of the daily offerings made by Balinese Hindus to thank the Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in praise and prayer.Canang sari will be seen in the Balinese temples , on small shrines in houses, and on the ground or as a part of a larger offering. Canang sari is also used on certain days, such as: Kliwon, Purnama, and Tilem.

canang-sari.jpgFor those of you who have already been to Bali you will have seen offerings consisting of snacks, rice, flowers, perfume, cigarettes and so on located in front of the house, in big trees, temples, at the crossroads, on the dining area, or in the hotel . If you see the canang, do not let you step over or step on it. If you are accidentally step on it then apologize. Not for fear of getting caught, but you also have to respect their beliefs and their culture.

According to a Balinese pedanda (hindu priest), the word “canang” consists of two syllables Kawi, “ca” (“beautiful”) and “nang” (“purpose”). So,the meaning of Canang Which aims to invoke beauty (sundharam) to Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa.


The Elements Of Canang Sari

  • Ceper, is a base of canang which has a rectangular shape and symbolizes angga-sarira (body)
  • Rice (Wija / Pija), is a symbol of Sang Hyang Atma or which makes the body live
  • Porosan, usually made of betel leaf, lime, and jambe which symbolizes Tri-Premana, which consists of Bayu (deeds), Sabda (Word), and Idep (mind). The three things make the animate body can perform the activity
  • Snack,Sugar and Banana, the third is a symbol of Tedong Ongkara that symbolizes the power of Upetti, Stiti, and Pralinan in life in the universe
  • Flowers, is one part that makes canang look more interesting. And every color of flowers on a canang has a meaning or symbolizes something :

    -White flowers are arranged in the East as a symbol of Sang Hyang Iswara’s power.
    -Red colored flowers are arranged in the South as a symbol of Sang Hyang Brahma’s power.
    -Yellow flowers are arranged in the West as a symbol of Sang Hyang Mahadeva’s power.
    -Blue or Green colored flowers are arranged in the North as a symbol of Sang Hyang Vishnu’s power.
    -Flower potpourri arranged in the middle as a symbol of power Sang Hyang Panca Dewata
  • Perfume, symbolizes peace of mind or self-control. In order to organize life, everybody should run it with the peace of mind and good self-control.




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